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4. Information about higher education in Colombia



Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country located in north-western South America. Its capital city is Bogota. Colombia has a continental and insular area of 1,141,748 square kilometers and is bordered by Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador and Peru. The country is divided into 32 departments and a capital district. It is divided into 1098 municipalities plus the capital district.

Population: Colombia has a population of approximately 42,888,592 inhabitants. The population between 0 and 14 years makes up 33% of the country, the group ranging between 15 and 64 years 62%, and those with more than 65 years account for 5% of the total population.

Language: Spanish is the official language of Colombia. The languages and dialects of ethnic groups are official in their territories. In San Andres and Providencia, English is also spoken.

Economy: The official currency of Colombia is the Colombian Peso (1 Colombian peso = 100 cents). Its exchange rate against the U.S. dollar on September 26, 2007, was $ 1 to 2010 Colombian pesos.

Educational profile of Colombia
According to the Planning Advisor’s Office of the Ministry of Education, the educational profile of Colombia presents the following information:

Evolution of Enrollment and Coverage by level of education 2002-2007
National Totals


Source: Population Census 2005. MEN-SINEB List
Notes:
1). Enrollment levels for 2005 include methodologies that incorporate partial attendance and acceleration up to 20 years of age.
2). Coverage ratio is calculated by taking the gross population range from 5 to 16 years. Act 115 of 1994 defines education as a permanent, personal, cultural and social process grounded in an integral formation of human beings, of their integrity, their rights and their duties. It indicates the general norms to regulate the Public Service of Higher Education that fulfills a social function according with the needs and interests of individuals, the family and society. It is grounded in the principles of the Political Chart on the rights that every individual has to education, freedom of teaching and learning, research and chair in its character of public service.

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